The Master said, "There is Yung!-He might occupy the place of a prince."
Chung-kung asked about Tsze-sang Po-tsze. The Master said, "He may pass.
He does not mind small matters."
Chung-kung said, "If a man cherish in himself a reverential feeling of
the necessity of attention to business, though he may be easy in small
matters in his government of the people, that may be allowed. But if he
cherish in himself that easy feeling, and also carry it out in his
practice, is not such an easymode of procedure excessive?"
The Master said, "Yung's words are right." The Duke Ai asked which of
the disciples loved to learn. Confucius replied to him, "There was Yen
Hui; he loved to learn.
He did not transfer his anger; he did not repeat a fault. Unfortunately,
his appointed time was short and he died; and now there is not such
another. I have not yet heard of any one who loves to learn as he did."
Tsze-hwa being employed on a mission to Ch'i, the disciple Zan requested
grain for his mother. The Master said, "Give her a fu." Yen requested
more. "Give her a yi," said the Master. Yen gave her five ping.
The Master said, "When Ch'ih was proceeding to Ch'i, he had fat horses
to his carriage, and wore light furs. I have heard that a superior man
helps the distressed, but does not add to the wealth of the rich."
Yuan Sze being made governor of his town by the Master, he gave him nine
hundred measures of grain, but Sze declined them.
The Master said, "Do not decline them. May you not give them away in the
neighborhoods, hamlets, towns, and villages?"
The Master, speaking of Chung-kung, said, "If the calf of a brindled cow
be red and homed, although men may not wish to use it, would the spirits
of the mountains and rivers put it aside?"
The Master said, "Such was Hui that for three months there
would be nothing in his mind contrary to perfect virtue. The others may
attain to this on some days or in some months, but nothing more."
Chi K'ang asked about Chung-yu, whether he was fit to be employed as an
officer of government. The Master said, "Yu is a man of decision; what
difficulty would he find in being an officer of government?" K'ang
asked, "Is Ts'ze fit to be employed as an officer of government?" and
was answered, "Ts'ze is a man of intelligence; what difficulty would he
find in being an officer of government?" And to the same question about
Ch'iu the Master gave the same reply, saying, "Ch'iu is a man of various
The chief of the Chi family sent to ask Min Tsze-ch'ien to be governor of Pi.
Min Tszech'ien said, "Decline the offer for me politely. If any one come again
to me with a second invitation, I shall be obliged to go and live on the banks
of the Wan."
Po-niu being ill, the Master went to ask for him. He took hold of his hand
through the window, and said, "It is killing him. It is the appointment of
Heaven, alas! That such a man should have such a sickness! That such a man
should have such a sickness!"
The Master said, "Admirable indeed was the virtue of Hui! With a single bamboo
dish of rice, a single gourd dish of drink, and living in his mean narrow lane,
while others could not have endured the distress, he did not allow his joy to be
affected by it. Admirable indeed was the virtue of Hui!"
Yen Ch'iu said, "It is not that I do not delight in your doctrines, but my
strength is insufficient." The Master said, "Those whose strength is
insufficient give over in the middle of the way but now you limit yourself."
The Master said to Tsze-hsia, "Do you be a scholar after the style of the
superior man, and not after that of the mean man."
Tsze-yu being governor of Wu-ch'ang, the Master said to him, "Have you got good
men there?" He answered, "There is Tan-t'ai Miehming, who never in walking takes
a short cut, and never comes to my office, excepting on public business."
The Master said, "Mang Chih-fan does not boast of his merit. Being in the rear
on an occasion of flight, when they were about to enter the gate, he whipped up
his horse, saying, "It is not that I dare to be last. My horse would not
The Master said, "Without the specious speech of the litanist T'o and the beauty
of the prince Chao of Sung, it is difficult to escape in the present age."
The Master said, "Who can go out but by the door? How is it that men will not
walk according to these ways?"
The Master said, "Where the solid qualities are in excess of accomplishments, we
have rusticity; where the accomplishments are in excess of the solid qualities,
we have the manners of a clerk. When the accomplishments and solid qualities are
equally blended, we then have the man of virtue."
The Master said, "Man is born for uprightness. If a man lose his uprightness,
and yet live, his escape from death is the effect of mere good fortune."
The Master said, "They who know the truth are not equal to those who love it,
and they who love it are not equal to those who delight in it."
The Master said, "To those whose talents are above mediocrity, the highest
subjects may be announced. To those who are below mediocrity, the highest
subjects may not be announced."
Fan Ch'ih asked what constituted wisdom. The Master said, "To give one's self
earnestly to the duties due to men, and, while respecting spiritual beings, to
keep aloof from them, may be called wisdom." He asked about perfect virtue. The
Master said, "The man of virtue makes the difficulty to be overcome his first
business, and success only a subsequent consideration;-this may be called