A fetus is deemed as having the capacity for enjoying civil-law rights in estate succession, acceptance of gift, and other situations where protection of a fetus’ interests is involved. Provided, however, that a stillborn fetus does not have such capacity ab initio.
A natural person aged eighteen or above is an adult. A natural person under the age of eighteen is a minor.
An adult has full capacity for performing civil juristic acts and may independently perform civil juristic acts.
A minor aged sixteen or above whose main source of support is the income from his own labor is deemed as a person with full capacity for performing civil juristic acts.
A minor aged eight or above has limited capacity for performing civil juristic acts and may perform a civil juristic act through or upon consent or ratification of his legal representative, except that such a minor may independently perform a civil juristic act that is purely beneficial to him or that is appropriate to his age and intelligence.